I am broadly interested in how the brain implements adaptive mechanisms in the natural environment. To tackle this question, I have broken it down into two main sub-paths: What is the nature of (seemingly) different cognitive functions and how they interact with one another? Secondly, taking memory as a system perfectly exhibiting adaptive functions, I ask how and why memories change over time and how they influence processing of new incoming information. I studied these two questions partly in my PhD research at Princeton University with Dr. Uri Hasson and Dr. Ken Norman, where I studied the shared neural mechanisms (neural patterns) underlying perception, memory, and imagination, as well as neural underlyings of memory update using naturalistic stimuli. During my postdoc, I continue and expand this line of research by further focusing on a wide range of post-encoding adaptive phenomena and how they impact memory and cognitive function in general. I use behavioral and computational methods to understand the brain signal acquired in a variety of settings including neuroimaging (fMRI) of healthy individuals and clinical populations (psychiatric patients) as well as electrocorticography in epileptic patients.